The focus of this chapter is on classroom teaching. Some teachers will want to climb the career ladder and become curriculum directors, assistant principals, principals, assistant superintendents, and superintendents. In these jobs, they will still be working for the welfare of children but will no longer be directly involved with their students.
At every school, jobs other than teaching let individuals work closely with children:

School counselor. Elementary school counselors are involved mostly in social and personal counseling. They work with children individually, in small groups, or with entire classes. These counselors also consult and work with parents, teachers, school administrators, school psychologists, school nurses, and social workers. Most school counselors work the traditional nineto ten-month school year and generally have the same hours as teachers. All states require school counselors to hold state school counseling certification. Some states also require public school counselors to have both counseling and teaching certificates. Depending on the state, a counselor may need two to five years of teaching experience plus a master’s degree in counseling in order to get a counseling certificate.

School nurse. Elementary schools may employ school nurses, or one nurse may meet the needs of several schools. School nurses provide a variety of services to students, including giving first-aid treatment for injury and symptoms of illnesses, checking immunization records, performing health screening tests, updating medical records, and teaching in health classes. All school nurses are registered nurses. Some states and provinces require the completion of certain education courses and/or a teacher credential to hold this job.

School secretary. This job involves handling all of the secretarial duties of a school. This will include recording attendance and maintaining students’ records. Because the setting for this work is a school, the secretary will also spend time dealing with children’s questions and helping with ill and injured children.

School bus driver. Twice a day, school bus drivers in their big yellow buses are working with children. In the morning, they pick the children up at scheduled stops; in the afternoon they return the children home. In addition, they may drive the children on field trips or provide transportation to other schools for special services. Bus drivers must possess the appropriate state or provincial driver’s licenses.

Tutor. Tutors provide children with special help in one or more subject areas. They may work in their own homes or go to the children’s homes after school, in the evening, or on weekends. Tutors typically charge an hourly rate.
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